What are some significant events in the history of the New Testament?


Quick Answer

Some significant historical events featured in the New Testament include Jesus' ministry and death, along with the development of the early Christian church. The Gospels and the Book of Acts are the only New Testament books that directly refer to historical events.

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Full Answer

Chronologically speaking, the earliest event mentioned in the New Testament is the birth of John the Baptist. Jesus was born shortly after John; Jesus' birth occurred either in 6 or 5 B.C. The first historical event in the New Testament confirmed by archaeologists is the death of Herod the Great. The consensus is that this event occurred in 4 B.C.

The New Testament, aside from a passage describing a 12-year-old Jesus, does not cover any events until approximately 27 A.D., when Jesus began his ministry. Jesus died three years later. The apostles, headed by Peter and John, spread the Gospel in the following years. Major events in the church's early stage include Saul's conversion in 31 A.D. and Peter's preaching to Gentiles in 37 A.D. According to Josephus, Herod Agrippa's death, which occurred before Paul's first missionary trip according to Acts, happened in 44 A.D.

The letter of James, probably the first part of the New Testament to be written, was composed as early as 45 A.D. Paul and the apostles wrote the rest of the New Testament throughout the latter half of the first century A.D. The final historical event covered in the New Testament was John's Revelation on Patmos, which happened in approximately 95 A.D.

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