Rather than being a theory unto itself, Freud uses the iceberg is as an explanatory tool for his theory of the conscious and unconscious. In essence, Freud explains his theory topographically through the use of the iceberg as a dominant metaphor.Continue Reading
Freud believed that much of what defines human behavior, including impulses, urges, thoughts, emotions and feelings, comes to the individual person in ways that she in not entirely cognizant of. Instead, said phenomena are produced or issue from a realm of being he termed "the unconscious." However, according to Freud, there is a smaller region from which we can actively receive and analyze information in our conscious, waking mind. This small part is what actually controls the traits and behaviors typically labeled personality.
Because of this theoretical separation between the small definable portion of being and the large, uncontrolled subconscious portion, Freud offers the topographically apt analogy of the iceberg, where the tiny visible portion at the top obscures the size and power of the submerged aspect. In technical Freudian terms, the portion nearest the surface of the water -- personality -- is called the ego. Just below the ego, nearing the bottom, is the superego, the part of a person's interiority that offers moral or social restraint against the unknown, unauthorized impulses of the subconscious. Finally, the greatest portion of the hidden mass is the id, the darkest, most recessed province of human thought, motivation and desire.Learn more about Psychology
As described in his book "The Interpretation of Dreams," Sigmund Freud thought all dreams were unconscious expressions of wish fulfillment. According to the book, because the unconscious contained ideas and images that were often disturbing, it would censor, or filter, the information before the conscious became aware of it.Full Answer >
Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytic theory is centered on the belief that human behavior is influenced by an unconscious mind. Freud believed that every human has a collection of unconscious thoughts and urges, many of which are unpleasant, that influence behaviors and experiences.Full Answer >
Sigmund Freud was the originator of psychoanalysis, and contributed many psychodynamic theories to popular understanding, including the notion that human emotions and actions are largely controlled by unconscious motivations and that the psyche has three notable parts: Id, Ego and Superego. Freud also introduced the psychosexual stages of development.Full Answer >
In psychoanalytic theory, the three levels of consciousness as outlined by Sigmund Freud are the conscious, preconscious and unconscious minds. Freud likened this theory to an iceberg with a visible tip, the conscious mind; an obscured but visible middle, the preconscious; and a bulk hidden beneath the water, the unconscious.Full Answer >