Anyone guarding a detainee in either a military or a prison environment needs to expect potentially hostile working conditions and the possibility of violence, according to GlobalSecurity.org. Constant vigilance is necessary to prevent an escape, per Army Study Guide.
Strict protocols help maintain the safety and security of detainees without compromising the safety of the guards. The number of guards in an area and the type of restraints used are determined by a supervisor or person of rank based upon a risk assessment, per the Seattle Police Department. Military detainees are frequently prohibited from speaking with each another to help prevent an escalation of violence or the possibility of escape, reports Army Study Guide.
Observation is an important responsibility for guards supervising detainees, per Army Study Guide. Any unusual or suspicious activity needs to be immediately reported to a supervisor. Detainees who are deemed dangerous to themselves or others are frequently segregated from the rest of the prisoners.
Guards also need to accept responsibility for the health of detainees in their care, states GlobalSecurity.org. This includes providing proper nutrition on a daily basis and medical care as needed. While guards do not issue medical care directly, they are responsible for making sure medical care is received once an injury or medical need is observed.