What Is a Short Summary of the Life of the Prophet Muhammad?

The prophet Muhammad was born in 570 in Mecca in western Arabia to Abd Allah bin Al-Muttalib and Amina bint Wahb. By the age of 6, both of Muhammad's parents had died, and he spent the next years orphaned and in the care of his uncle. He had his first spiritual revelation in 610. Until his death on June 8, 632, in Medina, Muhammad spread Islam throughout the Middle East.

To pay for himself while living with his uncle, Muhammad worked as a shepherd and traveled as far north as Syria while accompanying caravans. In 595, Muhammad married his distant cousin, Khadija bint Khawalayd, a widow. He worked in her services, and she proposed the marriage to him.

Although his first revelation occurred in 610, he did not announce it and subsequent revelations until 613. His revelations were gathered into the Koran. After announcing the revelations, he and his followers received harsh treatment from the dominant tribes in Mecca. These tribes banned trade with Muhammad and his people and eventually tried to assassinate him.

Muhammad and his followers settled in Medina, where Islam grew into power in the region. The tribes of Mecca went to war with Muhammad and his Muslim followers, which ended in 630 with the Muslim conquest of Mecca.