What Are the Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit?

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are wisdom, counsel, knowledge, understanding, fortitude, piety and fear of the Lord. The Catholic Church teaches that these gifts are infused into the Christian faithful at their baptism and strengthened through the sacrament of Confirmation.

The seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are based on the prophet Isaiah’s description of the Messiah: “The spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him: a spirit of wisdom and of understanding, a spirit of counsel and of strength, a spirit of knowledge and of fear of the Lord, and his delight shall be the fear of the Lord.” Wisdom means the Christian knows to love spiritual things more than the material. Understanding tells the Christian how he is to live the faith. Counsel means the Christian knows right from wrong and to always choose right. Fortitude is the courage to do good and endure evil. Knowledge grants the Christian understanding of God’s meaning when he communicates through the Scriptures. Piety is a deep reverence for God and his Church. The Christian realizes his complete dependence on God and approaches him with love and trust. Fear of the Lord refers to the Christian’s fear of being separated from God or offending him in any way, rather than the servile fear of punishment.