What Are the Seven Capital Sins?

The seven capital sins, also commonly referred to as the seven deadly sins, are pride, greed (or covetousness), lust, anger, gluttony, envy and sloth. These are thought to be the sins to which human nature is most susceptible, and they are said to be the origins of other sins. In the Catholic religion, these are classified as mortal sins and are believed to destroy the sanctifying grace in a person.

Pride is often considered the most serious of the seven sins, and it is characterized by excessive admiration of the self and a belief that one is superior to others. Greed or avarice is characterized by an excessive desire to pursue material goods, especially money.

Lust refers to intense desire, and it is typically associated with the pursuit of sex and sexual partners. Other common pursuits are the lust for power and the lust for fame. Anger, wrath or rage refers to uncontrollable feelings of hatred or violence.

Gluttony refers to excessive consumption and over-indulgence. It is usually associated with consuming too much food or drink, especially alcohol. Envy is related to jealousy, and it is characterized by wanting things that belong to others or desiring the lifestyle or fortune of others. Sloth is similar to laziness or inaction, and it is characterized by wasting time or doing nothing productive.