Scotland's traditional clothing primarily includes tartan patterns, called plaid in North America. This style of clothes, known as highland dress, often takes the form of kilts, sashes and shawls. Tartan typically has horizontal and vertical bands in diverse colors, such as blue, black and green, that form a crisscross pattern.
Women traditionally wear long tartan skirts, whereas men dress in knee-length kilts that are belted at the waist. The skirts and kilts often hang in pleats and are made of thick wool. The Scottish highland dress also includes various types of caps, pouches, tartan stockings and ghillies. Ghillies are shoes with thick soles, long laces and no tongues, designed to withstand Scotland's wet and muddy terrain.