What Is a Scientific Question?

A scientific question is the second step of the scientific method, in which an experimenter asks a question that can be answered by forming a hypothesis and conducting an experiment. A scientific question should aim for an answer that verifies, explains or theorizes information.

The first step of the scientific method is to make an observation, after which the researcher asks a scientific question. Subsequently, the researcher forms a hypothesis, designs and conducts an experiment, and then either rejects or fails to reject the hypothesis based on the experiment’s findings. If the hypothesis is rejected, the researcher returns to step two and asks a new question. If the hypothesis fails to be rejected, the researcher shares his or her findings with the scientific community.