There are seven major schools of thought in psychology: structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic, cognitive and behavioralism. These schools of thought were developed by famous psychologists like Wilhelm Wundt and Sigmund Freud.Continue Reading
The various schools of thought in psychology are taught in universities across the world, which are often complemented by research programs.
To be successful within the field, it's important to obtain an undergraduate degree as well as a master's. According to U.S. News & World Report, the best graduate schools for psychology programs include Stanford University, University of California-Berkeley, University of California at Los Angeles, Harvard University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.Learn more about Psychology
Edward B. Titchener was primarily concerned with the field of psychology, especially the 19th-century branch known as structuralism. The bulk of his work was centered on the conscious and unconscious elements that go into decision-making and other mental processes.Full Answer >
The Alfred Adler theory of psychoanalysis, often referred to as individual psychology, is a theory that emphasizes the social and community aspects of a person's life as being just as important as his internal realm. Adler's psychological theory is focused on family dynamics, social interests and the welfare of others.Full Answer >
Neobehaviorism is a school of thought that posits that the study of learning and a focus on rigorous objective observational methods form the key to scientific psychology. Neobehaviorism is the second phase of behaviorism, which was closely associated with B.F. Skinner, Clark Hull and Edward C. Tolman.Full Answer >
B.F. Skinner's major contributions to society were his explorations and research into behaviorism and a novel in 1948 based on his work called "Walden Two," which depicted a Utopian society. He also wrote a number of books on behaviorism in society including "Beyond Freedom and Human Dignity" in 1971.Full Answer >