Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, practiced the Hindu religion. He was the pivotal figure in the independence movement in India in the early 20th century.
Gandhi was well known for his anti-war and anti-Great Britain activism. His rebellious activities were peaceful, and they included hunger strikes during which he willingly fasted. He lived a very simple lifestyle of prayer, fasting and meditation. His most famous demonstration was when he traveled 300 kilometers by foot to gather salt from the sea in defiance of the British government's tax on salt. Before his death in 1948 at the hands of Nathuram Godse, Gandhi was attempting to broker a peace between Muslims and Hindus in Bengal, India.