Why Does Quebec Want to Be an Independent Country?

The origins of Quebec's desire to separate from Canada stem from its French background; while English settlements arose elsewhere in Canada, French settlers relocated to Quebec. The difference in ethnic origins gave rise to separate cultures, traditions and languages between Quebec's citizens and the population elsewhere in Canada. Most Quebec citizens differentiate themselves from fellow Canadians, which puts pressure on Quebec's political parties and government to push for independence.

Cultural differences sparked several political movements in Quebec, dating back to the 1960s. The left-leaning Parti Quebecois established in 1968 calls for Quebec's secession from Canadian rule. Party members and supporters advocate for Quebec's independence based on its French origins. They perceive social and cultural differences as prime reasons for separating from the larger country of Canada.

However, not all citizens of Quebec advocate for secession. Opponents of separation cite economic and political reasons for supporting Quebec's continued union with Canada. Opponents of secession argue that secession will leave Quebec without crucial federal financial assistance from the Canadian government. Quebec enjoys economic stimulation and income from its union with Canada, which it would lose upon gaining independence. Separating from Canada also jeopardizes Quebec's political relationship with the rest of Canada, as well as other nations around the world.