Mental health professionals are called "shrinks" due to the early use of the slang word "headshrinker," acting as a shortened form of it and displacing the word in common use over time. The word is used as slang that refers to their work with personality disorders and the mind.Continue Reading
The term "headshrinker" comes from the practices of the Jivaro natives, in which the heads of hunted enemies are removed and then shrunk through an extensive process. The Jivaro are made up of four different tribes, all of which practice this tradition in order to celebrate victory over their enemies and discourage further conflicts against them. This tradition remained effective even against those exploring Spaniards who coveted the lands the Jivaro tribes called home.
In the modern era, "headshrinker" is used to refer to all mental health professionals, whether they are psychologists or psychiatrists or belong to other professions.Learn more about Psychology
The most famous Filipino psychologist is quite possible Virgilio Enriquez, who is known throughout the Philippines as the Father of Filipino Psychology. He founded the National Organization of Filipino Psychology in 1975.Full Answer >
Henry Goddard was a psychologist who was an advocate for intelligence testing and introduced the Binet Intelligence Test to the United States in 1908. While his research led to the development of special education programs for the mentally disabled and the concept of diminished capacity in legal trials, it also fueled the eugenics and scientific racism movements.Full Answer >
The difference between classical and operant conditioning starts with the psychologist who discovered each technique, continues with the differences in behavior modification and how to elicit a desired outcome, and one focuses on involuntary behaviors while the other focuses on voluntary behaviors. Although both classical and operant conditioning result in learning through behavior modification, they are vastly different.Full Answer >
The questions asked in a psychological evaluation vary based on the psychologist and the patient. An interview often begins with the psychologist inquiring about why the patient is having the evaluation and how much any symptoms the patient has are interfering with his life. The psychologist may ask about significant life events and how the patient handled them.Full Answer >