Proper garbage disposal prevents the spread of disease and pollution and ensures that environments remain habitable for humans, plants and animals. Garbage comes in many forms and occurs as solid material, taking the shape of discarded household items like food scraps, empty bottles and paper plates, utensils and napkins. It also exists in the form of organic waste and medical and pharmaceutical waste.
As human populations grow so does the demand for and consumption of resources and consumer goods. If not properly disposed of, these types of garbage accumulate quickly and pose significant harms.The increased volume of trash threatens standards of hygiene at micro and macro levels. Improper disposal of trash jeopardizes the health of human and animal residents in towns, cities and entire nations. Waste and garbage containing organic matter, such as food particles, frequently attracts scavenger animals, such as bears and raccoon. These animals find their way into loosely secured trash bins, scattering trash and inviting the spread of bacteria and pathogens in the process. Improperly disposing waste also causes aesthetic harm, as unsightly piles of trash build up in communities. To avoid contributing to the growing problem of trash disposal, recycling and reducing consumption of packaged items is a good place to start.