Two positive Filipino values are "pakikisama," which means "group loyalty" and "constantly striving for peace," and "kasi," which means "seeing all sides of a situation to know exactly where failure occurred." Two negative Filipino values are "hiya," which means that you do not try to achieve so you can enjoy peace of mind, and "ningas-cogon," which means that you should procrastinate and be indifferent to promote peace and tranquility.
Filipino standards emphasize smallness and mediocrity. Filipino culture frowns upon grandeur. When it comes to success, Filipinos believe it should come naturally and that one should not exert effort to achieve it. Success should not happen early in life because it signifies hard work. Success should occur very late in life, if at all. Filipinos have high regard for their family and relatives. "Sakop" means that you stand and fall with your family. "Kanya-kanya" means "to take care of your family according to the saying "blood is thicker than water." The popular belief is "saving face," which means that instead of taking responsibility for something offensive you have done, you should save yourself from embarrassment by making a graceful exit. They believe in a superior being, according to Bahala Na, which means "do not rely on your own powers but rely the powers of a superior being." This belief encourages lack of arrogance, modesty and humility. They also believe in Patigasan, which signifies strength. They stand up for their rights and are not forced into submission. Filipinos have a great sense of gratitude and believe in meekness. Their values stem from the afterlife where the weak will be strong, the last will become the first, and the small will become great.