What Is Phenomenology in Sociology?

Phenomenology is the study of the connection between human awareness and social action. It is based on the underlying belief that society is created by humans.

Alfred Schulz brought phenomenology into the sociology context in the 1960s. He believed that people further social interaction by using their language and "internal knowledge."

One famous example of social phenomenology was developed by Peter Berger. Berger explained the concept of "marital reality." He believed that in marriage, two individuals merge their realities into one single reality. This new social reality affected their social interactions with each other and with other people outside the marriage.