Phenomenology is the study of the connection between human awareness and social action. It is based on the underlying belief that society is created by humans.Continue Reading
Alfred Schulz brought phenomenology into the sociology context in the 1960s. He believed that people further social interaction by using their language and "internal knowledge."
One famous example of social phenomenology was developed by Peter Berger. Berger explained the concept of "marital reality." He believed that in marriage, two individuals merge their realities into one single reality. This new social reality affected their social interactions with each other and with other people outside the marriage.Learn more about Social Sciences
Social forces are fundamental in the study of sociology, shaping the field's understanding of social behavior, and as such one of the most famous (or infamous) examples of social forces at work is the Zimbardo Prison Simulation, which aimed to prove that social forces at work in a prison environment were key in shaping human behavior. Participants in the experiment acted in ways they never thought possible, proving that social forces have a powerful impact on human behavior overall.Full Answer >
Sociological concepts are key ideas in the study of sociology, and are generally taught in introductory sociology classes and texts. Examples of sociological concepts include ethnocentrism, taboos and social groups.Full Answer >
The study of sociology provides valuable insights into how human behavior is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. The insight gained from a study of sociology leads to a greater understanding of how individuals and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. This understanding also better prepares an individual for a wide variety of career paths in the areas of human resources, business management, assessment, research and any area in which a global awareness coupled with critical thinking skills is an asset.Full Answer >
In the fields of psychology and sociology, structuralism proposes that consciousness is best understood through the systematic study of the anatomy of the brain while functionalism suggests that cognitive processes were governed by the function of the mind. Structuralism emerged in Germany while functionalism started in the United States.Full Answer >