People talk to themselves to reinforce thought by externalizing it, improve their memories and encourage themselves while performing difficult tasks. However, when self-talk becomes obsessive and continues in situations when it is not socially acceptable, it can be a symptom of schizophrenia.Continue Reading
Many small children narrate their behavior to themselves or go over steps they need to take while performing tasks as a natural part of the learning process. Adults encouraging themselves verbally while undertaking a difficult task demonstrate a natural extension of the process. Studies have shown that adolescents using self-talk as a mnemonic aid while taking complex examinations get higher grades. Another study showed that if those seeking lost objects repeated the names of what they were searching for out loud, they were more likely to find them.
People who experience uncertainty also talk to themselves. Students who are unsure how well they did on an exam are more likely to talk to themselves than those who definitely thought they did well or poorly. However, psychologists caution against people referring to themselves negatively when they self-talk as it reinforces low self-esteem. When people talk to themselves as a symptom of schizophrenia, they often replay past events or conversations out loud.Learn more about Psychology
Havighurst developmental tasks are the array of skills and abilities that human beings develop across their lifetimes. His theory mediates between natural, seemingly innate development and development supported or required by other people in a person's life.Full Answer >
Determination is considered a laudable and coveted personality trait because it indicates that individuals are motivated to succeed, which translates to them getting tasks done and accomplishing goals. People who are determined by nature are generally self-motivated, and have a strong internal drive to accomplish success, whether via short-term goals or long-term objectives. The trait of determination is often associated with similar characteristics of resilience, which is the power to overcome setbacks rather than give into them.Full Answer >
Social loafing can be defined as the tendency of putting less efforts on tasks when working in a group. This is because a person may perceive that people will slack off when working in a group, which gives them a reason to slow down, too. However, this idea does not apply to all tasks, but it is a common issue of concern.Full Answer >
Chaining is a psychological method of teaching or reinforcing a skill by breaking it down into a series of smaller tasks that begin from the simplest to the most complex. Each step or link on the line acts as a cue to the next task on the line.Full Answer >