South Africans descended from Dutch settlers are called Afrikaners. In Dutch, the word “Afrikaners” translates to “Africans”. Most of the Afrikaner's ancestors settled in South Africa in the 17th century, and the group has its own culture and language called Afrikaans.
Most Afrikaners settled in a shipping community near the Cape of Good Hope, where ships headed toward the Dutch East Indies stopped to resupply. The Afrikaners were the largest foreign population in South Africa until 1794, when the British gained control of South Africa, prompting many British citizens to move to the country. Conflict with the British led many Afrikaners to move to the interior of South Africa, away from the coast and toward the urban cities. As of the 2011 census, Afrikaners made up 5.2 percent of the South African population.