Pan-Africanism refers to the idea that all people of African descent should be unified. Pan-Africanism seeks to recognize and celebrate the commonalities that all African descendants share with one another. Proponents of Pan-Africanism envision a unified African continent that welcomes all people of African descent.
The ideas of Pan-Africanism originated through African descendants living in the Western Hemisphere during the middle of the 19th century. Early proponents tried to emphasize the commonalities between blacks living in the United States and the people of Africa. Some suggested that African Americans break away from the United States and form their own nation, while others believed that all blacks in America should return to Africa.