The causes of overpopulation in a given region may include good food production, improvement in public health, illiteracy, poverty and disease control or prevention. While some of these causes may seem positive, the effects of overpopulation eventually become negative and may cause societal ills like unemployment, slum development, insecurity, poor living conditions and resource exhaustion.
Solutions to Overpopulation
Creation of Awareness: in order to ensure that a society does not have to deal with the negative effects of overpopulation, conducting awareness campaigns can be of great help. Teaching people the importance of having fewer children is likely to help change attitudes toward reproduction.
Provision of Contraceptives: making contraceptives cheap and available to people can help control the number of births recorded in each year.
Reducing Incentives: instead of encouraging people to give birth, governments should reduce or eliminate incentives or programs that encourage childbearing.
Guarantee Education: making it possible for all girls and boys to learn to the highest level can help control early pregnancies. People that are committed to secondary education are unlikely to become pregnant as they will focus more on their academic work.
Population Stability Policies: encouraging leaders to focus more on policies that can help stabilize population growth can also help in management.