What Is a Nursing Care Plan for Preeclampsia?

A nursing care plan for preeclampsia involves monitoring vital signs, weight, urine output and state of consciousness, assessing deep tendon reflexes and symptoms of headache or epigastric pain, as well as providing treatment as prescribed, according to Nursingcrib. The nursing care plan involves allowing the patient complete bed rest, promoting rest and relaxation, and assessing her emotional and psychological needs.

Preeclampsia is a common problem in pregnancy that involves hypertension, edema and protein in the urine. Severe preeclampsia can lead to reduced urine output, epigastric pain, liver dysfunction, and neurological and visual disturbances. Eclampsia occurs when a patient with preeclampsia develops seizures. If left untreated, preeclampsia can lead to serious and even fatal complications for both mother and baby. A nursing care plan for preeclampsia targets preventing seizures and promptly treating seizures if they occur. The severity of preeclampsia is assessed by monitoring the blood pressure and extent of edema and by monitoring for level of consciousness and symptoms such as headache and epigastric pain. Preeclampsia is treated with intravenous administration of magnesium sulfate. A nursing care plan for preeclampsia should also include a high protein nutritious diet and a quiet environment suitable for rest and relaxation, according to Nursingcrib.