What Is Non-Material Culture?

non-material-culture Credit: Michele Quattrin; mQn Photography/Moment/Getty Images

Non-material culture refers to a wide range of cultural components that are not physical items. Some examples of non-material culture are beliefs, values, morals and social norms.

A country or region's culture is a reflection of the attitudes and actions of its population. Some parts of culture can be categorized as material culture, like designs of buildings, types of foods and types of items sold in stores. There are also many aspects of a culture that are not material objects that can be learned by observing and interacting with the culture. The words and tone of a language are examples of non-material aspects of culture.