NIV stands for the New International Version of the Bible. In order to make the Bible easier to understand, a group worked together to translate the book into contemporary English, while still keeping its original meaning.
The NIV was the brainchild of Howard Long, an engineer from Seattle, Washington. In 1955, Long began his search for translators for this new version, after he tried to share the Bible with a non-Christian friend and found that his friend couldn't understand the King James Version of the Bible. Eleven years later, a team of translators and consultants began the translation process. Upon completion, each book of the Bible went through multiple reviews from Bible scholars, pastors, students and laypeople, until the NIV Bible was finally published in 1978.