The two blue stripes on the top and bottom of the Nicaraguan flag symbolize the two bodies of water, the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea, that border the country to the west and east. The center white band, equal in width to the blue ones, symbolizes peace and pureness.
In the center of the Nicaraguan flag, residing in the white stripe, lies the Nicaraguan coat of arms. The coat of arms features an equilateral triangle that is encased by the words "Republica de Nicaragua" (Republic of Nicaragua) on the top, and "America Central" (Central America) on the bottom.
The triangle symbolizes equality. Within the triangle, there are five volcanoes representing the unity and peace between all five members of the federation of Central American countries. Above the mountains is a red phrygian cap, a symbol of freedom.
All Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala) contain a blue-white-blue pattern on their flag. This pattern is a reminder of the unity between the countries, though each country found a way to make its flag unique. All of the countries gained their independence from Spain on the same day on Sept. 15, 1821. Nicaragua adopted its flag on Aug. 27, 1971.