Positive incentives seek to motivate others by promising a reward, whereas negative incentives aim to motivate others by threatening a punishment. Opinion is divided as to what works best, but both have applications in a variety of settings.Continue Reading
Only recently, for instance, has public opinion turned decisively against corporal punishment as a means of encouraging obedience in children, whether at home or at school.
In the workplace, too, traditional incentives for productivity have been the threat of unemployment or docked pay, whereas it has become more common since the 1980s for companies to motivate their staff with positive incentives instead, such as promotions and financial bonuses.Learn more about Psychology
Reaction range in psychology refers to how people have different reactions and attributes, although they may have had the same stimuli and environment as others. For example, two twins can grow up in the same environment, yet their IQs can be vastly different.Full Answer >
A martyr complex is a term used to describe individuals who often play the victim and blame others for their life's misfortunes. Individuals with a martyr complex tend to deny their own needs to please everyone else. Martyrs are extremely vocal regarding their sacrifices in life and often set themselves up for victimization.Full Answer >
Objective observations are observations that involve watching others in an unbiased manner and without attaching stereotypes. Objective observations involve studying and watching individuals to see their behaviors and actions in various situations, without attaching labels and stereotypes to those people. Objective observations are made by people every day, such as parents watching their children.Full Answer >
Examples of positive affirmations are statements such as, "I have what I need to get through this," "I accept what I cannot change," and "I treat others with respect and appreciate their individuality." Positive affirmations help an individual reprogram self-defeating thought patterns.Full Answer >