Sociology is the study of human society, including its origins, development, functioning and organization. Considered the youngest of the sciences, the term "sociology" was coined in 1838 by Auguste Comte. A philosopher and scientist by training, Comte believed that sociology should be based on observation and classification rather than speculation and authority. There are two schools of study in the discipline, the formal and the synthetic (from synthesis).Continue Reading
Followers of the formal school believed in restricting the scope of their work to factors that could be clearly defined. George Simmel believed social interactions take various forms, such as cooperative, competitive and subordinate relationships. Other members of the formal school argued that relationship types and their sub-categories represented about 650 forms of human interaction. One famous member of the formal school, Max Weber, believed that sociology should concern itself with political systems as manifestations of social behavior.
Followers of the synthetic school favored a blend, or synthesis, of various areas of study. The three principal divisions of the synthetic school were social morphology, which was concerned with population size, density and distribution; social structure of groups and institutions; and social physiology, which analyzes institutions such as religion, law and economics. Karl Mannheim, a leader of the synthetic school, worked on the issues of leadership and consensus in modern societies.Learn more about Social Sciences
Sociology, the study of human social behavior and interaction, has become a component of many nursing education programs because it is believed that undertaking formal study of human behavior can assist nurses in providing care and performing thorough diagnosis. Incorporating sociology into the study of nursing emphasizes the social nature of health care and helps nurses understand their role as a social agents whose job requires interaction with and understanding of many different types of people from a variety of different backgrounds. Interpersonal care can be an essential part of a nurse's role as a health care provider, and the study of sociology is believed to help nurses gain new insight into their patients lives and issues.Full Answer >
Sociology refers to the study and investigation of social life, the changes taking place in society and the consequences and causes of social behavior. The study of structures of societies, groups and organizations is carried out by sociologists employing a range of investigative and research techniques applicable to an almost inclusive spectrum of social life.Full Answer >
Factors that led to the development of sociology are industrial revolution, imperialism and the success of natural sciences. Sociology is the scientific study of human social life, societies and groupings. It emerged as a distinct discipline in the mid 19th century when European social observers began to experiment using scientific methods.Full Answer >
Social forces are fundamental in the study of sociology, shaping the field's understanding of social behavior, and as such one of the most famous (or infamous) examples of social forces at work is the Zimbardo Prison Simulation, which aimed to prove that social forces at work in a prison environment were key in shaping human behavior. Participants in the experiment acted in ways they never thought possible, proving that social forces have a powerful impact on human behavior overall.Full Answer >