The National Portal of India explains that the national animal of India is the tiger. Of the nine different types of tiger found in the world, the one found most throughout India is the Royal Bengal Tiger.
The IUCN Global Species Program states that the scientific name of the tiger is panthera tigris. The tiger was founded and scientifically categorized by the species authority Linnaeus in 1758. The tiger is listed as an endangered species because its population has decreased by 50 percent over the last three generations. Project Tiger, a program launched in 1973, has set aside 23 land reserves equaling a total of 33,406 square kilometers for tigers.