Narrative elements are all the aspects that make up a story. They include the setting, theme, plot, characters, point of view, tone, and imagery or symbolism.
The setting of a story describes the environment that events take place in. It includes location, time period, culture, mood and other atmospheric qualities.
The theme is the central idea of a story or narrative. It summarizes what the story is about. Themes often involve an issue, lesson or cause that is represented in the story.
The plot of a narrative is shaped by the events that unfold. It typically includes a conflict or problem, a climax, and a resolution. The climax is generally the culmination of events that leads to the resolution. The plot also involves the structure or arrangement of the events.
Characters are developed in a story through their actions, words and descriptive traits. Characters are categorized as a protagonist or antagonist, depending on their role in the events that transpire.
The point of view relates to the perspective that the story is told from, while the tone is created by the feelings portrayed by the characters. The atmosphere of a story may also contribute to the tone. In addition, imagery or symbolism are employed as narrative elements in some types of stories.