Huitzilopochtli, Quetzalcoatl, Ometecuhtli, Tezcatlipoca and Tlaloc were some of the most influential deities in Aztec worship. Aztec mythology involved hundreds of gods, usually attributing to them powers of nature, creation and fertility.Continue Reading
Huitzilopochtli was the warrior sun god of the Aztecs. Aztec worship is most famous for its use of human sacrifices, and Huitzilopochtli was the most common recipient of those sacrifices. Given Huitzilopochtli's warring nature, fighters were the most sought-after sacrificial bodies, and wars would often ensue with the sole purpose of obtaining warrior sacrifices. According to Aztec folklore, Huitzilopochtli was also responsible for choosing the site of the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan.
Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec god of human creation, wind and the stars. The most common creation story attributed to Quetzalcoatl is the account of his retrieval of human bones from the underworld and adding his own blood to give humans new life.
Ometecuhtli was the Aztec god of universal creation, as well as the father of most Aztec deities. Depictions of Ometecuhtli portrayed him alongside a female counterpart, Omecihuatl. The Aztecs considered them as a dual entity rather than two separate gods.
Tezcatlipoca was an Aztec omnipotent universal power, with the ability to read the thoughts of men. He was also a protector of slaves and a rewarder of good deeds.
Tlaloc was the Aztec god of rain, water and fertility. Because of his perceived influence on agriculture, Aztecs attempted to appease Tlaloc with child sacrifices so that drought and harmful storms could be averted.Learn more about Religion