The Sarafan is the most common traditional Russian clothing. The word "Sarafan" itself is Persian in origin, but it has become synonymous with Russian culture over the years. Previous names for this piece of clothing included feryaz and klinnik.
A sarafan is a long, trapeze-shaped dress that was initially worn mostly by men, but gradually become more of a female-wardrobe staple. When created with plain fabrics, it could be used for plain work and normal wear. It could also be made of more special materials, and certain embroideries could be added to it to make it a festive attire. The width of the dress was often used as an indicator of the wealth of the wearer, with wider dresses indicating more wealth. The Sarafan appeared in Russia as early as the 13th century.