Why Do Muslims Observe the Five Pillars of Islam?

Muslims observe the Five Pillars of Islam as a means of prioritizing their faith and devotion to virtue over all other aspects of their earthly lives. By observing the Five Pillars (obligations outlined in Islamic scripture), their entire lives are shaped by their religion and therefore god.

The Five Pillars of Islam are:

  • Shahadah: professing faith by reciting "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God"
  • Salah: five daily prayers made in the direction of Makkah
  • Zakat: paying a charitable tax to help those in need
  • Sawm: fasting and abstaining from sensual pleasures during Ramadan
  • Hajj: making a pilgrimage to Makkah once in their lifetime

These Five Pillars also serve to unite the Islamic community.