In the Bible, Moses led the Jews out of slavery, guided them through 40 years in the wilderness and received the Ten Commandments. He is a figure from the Bible and is important to many world religions, including Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The story of Moses appears in the book of Exodus in the Old Testament. According to the story he was born at a time when Hebrew children were routinely killed. To protect him, his mother put him in a basket and sent him up the Nile, where he was found and adopted by a daughter of the Egyptian Pharaoh.
When he became a man he killed an Egyptian who was mistreating a fellow Hebrew. He fled Egypt and lived life as a shepherd for 40 years. God then spoke to him through a burning bush and told him to go back to Egypt to free the Hebrew slaves. He brought 10 plagues on Egypt but he led the Israelites to freedom, famously parting the Red Sea so they could cross before releasing the waters to prevent the Egyptians from catching them.
Moses and the Israelites spent 40 years in the wilderness during which time he received the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai. The Israelites would eventually reach the Promised Land, but Moses died before they achieved this.