Saffron, the orange-yellow color of a precious spice, stands for courage, sacrifice and renunciation. White means pure thought, peace and truth, while green symbolizes fertility, faith and the Indian culture.
The Indian flag's colors are arranged in three horizontal stripes. The Ashoka chakra is found in the center of the white stripe. This chakra, or energy center, features a wheel with 24 spokes representing the 24 hours of the day, as well as righteousness and never-ending progress. The wheel is blue, symbolizing the ocean and the sky.
The flag of India was adopted on July 22, 1947 upon India's independence from Great Britain.