Images of hearts with arrows through them most commonly symbolize the state of being struck by love. According to ancient mythology, Cupid, the Roman god of love, held the power to make people fall in love by shooting them with an arrow from his quiver, explains Encyclopædia Britannica.
Son of the winged messenger, Mercury, and the goddess of love, Venus, Cupid is typically represented as a winged infant carrying a bow and arrows. His immortal power to inflict love in his victims was occasionally directed by Venus. Heart imagery is used to convey several emotional messages, including the pain of unrequited or lost love, as symbolized by a jaggedly broken heart.