An estimated 196,174,380 people live in Pakistan, based on 2014 data from the Central Intelligence Agency. Pakistan has experienced a continuous increase from its 2010 population of 173,149,306. Pakistan is the sixth largest country in terms of population as of 2015.
Pakistan is a country located in South Asia. It is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran to its west, India to its east, China to its north and the Arabian Sea to its south. In 1947, British India separated into two independent countries: Muslim Pakistan and Hindu India. However, the Indus Valley civilization in the area is one of the oldest in the world. The name "Pakistan" comes from Persian and Urdu, and it means "Land of the Pure."
Pakistan has seen a population growth rate of 1.49 percent, making it the 80th fastest growing country in 2014. The country experienced 23.19 births per 1,000 people and 6.58 deaths per 1,000 people. Overall, Pakistan is a young country, with an average age of 22.6 years.
The capital of Pakistan is Islamabad, which has a population of approximately 1.3 million people. Its largest city, Karachi, has a population of 16.126 million people. Other large cities in the country are Lahore, Faisalabad and Rawalpindi. About 38 percent of the population lives in urban areas.