Approximately 507,767 Mexicans crossed the border legally in 2015 according to U.S. Customs and Border Protection. The same year the Department of Homeland Security apprehended 267,885 Mexicans who were trying to cross the border illegally.
When it comes to tracking how many Mexicans cross the border, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact numbers, according to Politifact. This is largely because illegal immigration can only be counted in the numbers of people who are caught and do not include those who successfully cross under the radar of U.S. Customs and Border Patrol officers. Based on estimations, the number of illegal Mexican immigrants has been steadily decreasing from a peak ten years ago.
Legal Vs. Illegal Border Crossings
The number of Mexican border crossings depends largely on whether these were legal or illegal in nature. In fiscal year 2016, 192,969 Mexicans were apprehended on the border for attempting to illegally cross into the United States. This represented a sharp decrease from a fiscal year 2000 peak when 1,600,000 Mexicans were apprehended along the border. In fiscal year 2015, 496,660 people crossed the Mexican border per day into the United States. This border runs between four U.S. and six Mexican states; the 14 million residents of this area often cross the border to complete daily activities such as work, shopping and recreation, according to Politifact.
Regions Where Most Mexican Migrants Come From
The Mexican states of Chiapas, Guanajuato and Michoacanas provided the largest number of Mexican migrants, as claimed by the Migration Policy Institute. The residents of these states represented about 27 percent of migration flows across the border into the United States in 2015. The Mexican state with the largest number of migrants heading for the United States between 2009 and 2015 was Chihuahua in Northern Mexico.
Where Do They Settle?
As of 2014, about 66 percent of unauthorized immigrants had been living in the United States for 10 years or longer, as claimed by the Migration Policy Institute. In 2015, there were 11 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States, according to Pew Research. Most Mexican immigrants have settled in the western states of the U.S, as studied by the Migration Policy Institute. By 2015, 4,253,000 Mexican immigrants lived in the state of California while the second largest number, 2,518,000, lived in Texas. 691,000 Mexican immigrants lived in Illinois and 515,000 lived in Arizona by the year 2015.
Since 2007, immigration from Mexico has steadily been decreasing. Under the presidency of Donald Trump, immigration along the Southwest border has decreased 40 percent, as stated by the LA Times. The number of Mexican immigrants living in the U.S. illegally dropped by over one million people since 2007, as stated by Pew Research. These declines are largely due to increased Customs and Border Patrol enforcement as well as stricter punishments for those who are caught. There are also seasonal fluctuations as border crossings tend due decrease in winter due to more severe weather patterns, as claimed by the LA Times. Border Patrol agents typically see a 10 to 20 percent increase in border crossings by the time February rolls around.