Jesus received 39 lashes before he was led to his crucifixion. This number, which is also the number of mercy in Jewish law, was the maximum amount of lashes permitted as part of a scourging.
The lashes were one of the ways in which Jesus is recorded to have been tortured. Prior to this, soldiers blindfolded Jesus' face and repeatedly beat him.
After the scourging, soldiers dressed Jesus in a robe and continued to mock him, before stripping him again and forcing Jesus to wear a crown of thorns.
Finally, he was nailed to the cross, where he would continue to lose blood and become severely dehydrated. He is likely to have died from asphyxiation.