What Are the Major Beliefs of Judaism?

Some of the major beliefs of Judaism include monotheism, or the concept that there is only one deity; belief in the Torah, the five books of Moses, as the word of God; and belief in an everlasting covenant, in which God set the Jews apart from other nations as his own. Additionally, many of the beliefs in Judaism come from interpretations from rabbinic sages over the ages.

Jews believe that God granted the Land of Israel to the Jews as a part of their covenant. Judaism anticipates the arrival of the Messiah, a redeemer sent by God to bring peace to all humankind. However, Jews believe that the Messiah cannot come until the completion of a third holy temple in Jerusalem.

Additionally, Judaism teaches that God delivered 10 commandments to Moses at Mount Sinai. Even though other religions adopted these commandments, Judaism teaches that they only apply to Jews. Also, Judaism contains an additional 603 commandments. These commandments, spread throughout the Torah, include eating restrictions known as kashrut or kosher laws, the wearing of fringes on every four-cornered garment and the periodic dwelling in temporary shelters during the Succot season in memory of the years the Jews spent in the desert.