A logical thinker is a person who regularly uses structure and reason to evaluate a situation and come to a decision. A primary distinction between a logical thinker and someone who relies on intuition is that the logical thinker relies on facts and data, whereas the other uses opinions and gut feelings to make decisions.
A logical thinker applies a systematic, sequential decision-making method. These methods have specific steps that may include defining of the problem, investigating all factors, comparing alternative solutions and coming to a decision. Though a logical thinker does have emotions, his decision-making process is not typically impeded by emotional impulses. He sets emotions aside to concentrate on facts.
A logical thinker is good at puzzles because of the sequential, logical process required to put them together. Logical reason is also tied to math. Math skills, especially algebra and word problems, require a sequential, orderly approach to reach a correct answer. Science is another field that logical thinkers often enter. Science involves the use of specific processes and procedures to study a situation and reach a logical, tested conclusion.
Edublox indicates that while some people have a more natural inclination to use logic, these types of specific thinking skills can be developed in young children during school.