Locations for Mormon mission trips can be anywhere in the world with examples being the West Indies, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Italy, Cape Verde, Spain and South Korea. Missionaries receive their location assignment from the president of the Mormon Church after their application is approved. The location is decided by the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.
Missionary work is strongly encouraged, but not required, by the Mormon Church. Missionaries are considered full-time official representatives of the Church. A typical mission lasts 18 months to 2 years. A missionary can be of any age, but most begin serving when they are 18 or 19 years old. Other examples of locations that may be assigned as missionary trips are the United States, Fiji, Switzerland, Samoa, Australia, Brazil, Lebanon and France.
Missionaries assigned to foreign countries spend time learning the local language and in cultural sensitivity training. In some cases, they are allowed to adapt their lifestyle to the local culture. For example, missionaries living in hot climates, such as Southeast Asia, are not required to wear jackets except for conferences. Those in Fiji may choose to wear the traditional skirt that natives wear. In most cases, missionaries do not openly proselytize in Muslim countries. Some exceptions include Albania and Sierra Leone.