Muhammad was born in Mecca, Arabia around 570 AD. His father Abd Allah died before his birth, and his mother died when he was almost 6 years old. Muhammad was illiterate and could neither read nor write.Continue Reading
Muhammad is the founder and major prophet of Islam. While he was alive, Muhammad claimed to receive revelations from God, and these revelations form the basis of the Quran. His name means "highly praised."
After the death of his parents, Muhammad stayed with his uncle and worked for him as a shepherd. At the age of 9, he accompanied his uncle on a caravan to Syria, where he worked as a camel driver between Syria and Arabia and later established a career managing caravans on behalf of merchants.
His first marriage was to a wealthy widow called Khadija, who was 15 years his senior. He had two sons from the marriage, both of whom died in their childhood. In his late 30s, Muhammad regularly visited a cave on the outskirts of Mecca to seek solitude and meditation. He first received the revelation from God on the mount of Hira when he was 40 years old through the angel Gabriel and later emigrated from Mecca to Medina and ordered raids on Meccan caravans. He served as a prophet for 23 years and died about 632 AD.Learn more about Islam