Life After COVID-19: Will Public Transit Change as a Result of the Pandemic?

By Kate Bove
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Photo Courtesy: Chesnot/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Since March, many Americans who live and work in cities have been mandated to shelter in place. That is, they need to practice social distancing by staying indoors and heading into public only for the necessities — groceries, medical appointments, a short walk and so on. We’ve all seen the jokes on social media: Los Angeles’ traffic congestion is nonexistent now, and the air feels cleaner with fewer cars and buses clogging streets. But what happens when offices start reopening and more than just those deemed essential workers start commuting again?

It’s kind of an unnerving thought. After all, once-packed subway trains and buses don’t seem all too enticing right now. Even if, say, large cities like New York, San Francisco and Los Angeles reopen, do you really want to step onto a crowded train platform or be stuck in a metal tube for 45 minutes with folks who may or may not be wearing face coverings?

Our guess is that that future doesn’t sound too appealing for most folks and, for those with the privilege and means, it may mean more cars on the road. After all, the physical distance a personal vehicle provides from fellow commuters sounds like the safer bet. But it’s also this line of thinking that will usher in a whole host of problems: gridlocked highways and freeways and more emissions. Not to mention, already struggling and under-funded public transportation agencies are sure to take a hit.

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As Cities Reopen, Commuters Return to the Streets

Confined space, close proximity to others and seats, bars and buttons that you and thousands of other commuters touch daily. Those are the things of public transportation. And none of them feel particularly safe in a post-COVID-19 world. Of course, some riders who can’t afford a car, don’t have access to one or who work in an area that makes driving impractical have no choice but to rely on public transit. Even now — and throughout the pandemic — essential workers have taken buses and trains daily.

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Photo Courtesy: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg/Getty Images

Right now, though, it’s difficult to determine whether or not how many of those commuters with a choice will opt for personal cars over trains. In the San Francisco Bay Area, where revised shelter-in-place orders have allowed some businesses to reopen, more and more folks have begun commuting and crossing the state-owned bridges — nonetheless, The Mercury News reports that traffic on the Bay Area’s bridges is still 40% below normal. Meanwhile, commuters who take the Bay Area Rapid Transit, or BART commuter trains, have climbed a smidge higher, though they still haven’t returned to pre-COVID-19 levels.

However, in the Bay Area, just 20% of commuters take public transit or carpool, so maybe San Francisco isn’t the best city by which to measure how bad the traffic will get. For that matter, neither is L.A. — though we can imagine both California cities turning into an even messier gridlock than usual. Like other public services and spaces, the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) is now requiring passengers to wear face coverings while on trains and buses and asking folks to practice social distancing when it comes to selecting a seat or place to stand. In fact, the SFMTA website is even encouraging San Franciscans to try out modes of rentable transit JUMP Bikes or Lime scooters, which allow for personal space.

The End of Public Transportation (As We Knew It)

In pre-pandemic New York City, over 8,000 subway train trips occurred daily, carting nearly 6 million New Yorkers from home to work and back again. According to the New York Daily News, subway ridership fell by a whopping 93% in April, though the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) predicts that number will transform into a 60% decrease by the fall — still a significant drop, but, on the other hand, that’s a lot of commuters sharing a tight space.

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Photo Courtesy: Lev Radin/Pacific Press/LightRocket/Getty Images

"Customers’ awareness of and engagement with their own safety will be key [to reopening]," said interim NYC Transit President Sarah Feinberg. "Everyone in the system will have a role to play in keeping our city healthy." While being aware and mindful of one’s own health and limitations is important, that statement doesn’t really put one’s mind at ease. Many New Yorkers rely on the subway and bus system to reach jobs that are many neighborhoods — and sometimes rivers or boroughs — away from their homes. Moreover, since subway trains are relatively empty now, with just essential workers catching them to work, New Yorkers who are experiencing homelessness have used subway cars as a place of refuge, especially during the pandemic when social distancing can be near-impossible to maintain in shelters. "They should be offering anybody on the street access to a hotel room. They aren’t doing that. That’s the main problem," Giselle Routhier, policy director for the Coalition for the Homeless, told the NY Daily News. "People don’t feel safe [in shelters]."

For now, the MTA has hired private contractors to boost subway and bus cleanliness. According to the agency, those contractors are working to disinfect subway cars and buses every 72 hours, while workers aim to clean station surfaces several times throughout the day. As is the case in other major cities, passengers must wear face coverings on public transit. As the city’s reopening looms, many New Yorkers are hard-pressed to find alternatives.

While the city’s infamous yellow cabs have protective barriers between passengers and drivers, the cars can’t be cleaned thoroughly between each ride. Lyft and Uber, meanwhile, have mandated that all passengers wear face coverings, sit in the back seats of the cars and, when possible, roll down windows to promote air flow. Needless to say, even rideshares — the apparent future of transit — aren’t adequately prepared to address the health concerns of a post-COVID-19 world. All of this is to say that the future of public transit is bound to change drastically, but we’ll have to wait and see just how transportation agencies plan to accomplish this.