The first step in learning how to pray to God is to believe in Him and His power. As a believer, know that the Bible is a vital part of the learning process as it contains texts, situations and examples of prayer. Someone learning about prayer needs to possess faith and acknowledge that God rewards those who diligently seek Him as recorded in Hebrews 11:6.
Luke 11:1-12 narrates how Jesus taught His disciples how to pray. To learn how to pray, a person should praise and adore God, which shows reverence for Him. Revelation 4:1 describes God as worthy to receive glory and honor for having created all things.
When learning to pray to God, it is important to know that a person should approach Him with humility. In the Old Testament, King Josiah’s god-fearing life exemplifies this trait as recorded in 2 Chronicles 34:27. He was repentant before God. Psalm 51:1-4 describes a repentant heart that seeks God's mercy and forgiveness.
It is important to learn how to pray when in desperate situations. David prayed when he faced Goliath, and God empowered him to slay the giant. Such a prayer is recorded in Psalm 121:1-2. Before Jesus died, He taught his disciples how to pray in difficult situations by trusting in God and not letting their hearts be troubled. This prayer is recorded in John 14:1, while Psalm 147:3 reassures believers that God comforts those who are discouraged and heartbroken.
Praying to God may result in comfort, and those who pray believe that miracles can be experienced. Some pray for healing when in physical or emotional pain. In James 5:14, the sick are encouraged to allow elders or people stronger in faith to pray for healing in the name of the Lord. In the Gospels, there are numerous instances of Jesus healing the sick.