What Kind of Economy Does Indonesia Have?

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Indonesia has a mixed economy, characterized by a combination of large private conglomerates and state-owned enterprises. It is part of the CIVETS group of countries, along with Columbia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa, which is expected to account for half of all economic activity by 2020.

With a population of nearly one-quarter billion people, Indonesia has the largest economy in Southeast Asia and is a member of the G-20, a forum of the world's 20 largest economies. Its strengths are its plentiful and diverse natural resources, young and large population, relative political stability, sound fiscal management, proximity to the burgeoning economies of China and India, and low labor costs.

The industrial sector is the country's largest in terms of output, followed by the service and agricultural sectors. Since 2012, the service sector has been the country's largest employer, overtaking the agricultural sector, which had been the country's employment leader for centuries. Tourism is also a major industry, with Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, China and Japan providing the largest portion of visitors.

Indonesia's major export markets are Japan, Singapore, the United States and China. Its major exports include oil, natural gas, tin, copper, plywood, rubber and gold. It imports most from Singapore, Japan and China. Major imports are machinery, chemicals, fuels and foodstuffs.