Facts about the Cherokee tribe for kids include that most Cherokee sided with the Confederacy during the Civil War, Cherokee men usually only wore a deerskin loincloth and moccasins in warm weather, and the Cherokee were experts at making weapons. The Cherokee lived in the Southeastern United States in Tennessee, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
The Cherokee practiced a combination of hunting, gathering and farming. They hunted deer, rabbits, bears and birds with blow guns, bows and arrows. The tribe farmed corn, squash and beans, and used honey or maple sap as sweeteners in their food. Men and women had separate roles but considered each other equals.
Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830, and the Cherokee tribe signed the Treaty of New Echota with the government that traded their lands for land in Oklahoma plus $5 million. The United States Army forced 16,000 Cherokee off their land in 1838 and drove them to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Over 4,000 people died on the Trail of Tears.
The Cherokee speak an Iroquoian language, and Sequoya invented their writing system in 1821. They are talented in arts and crafts, including making Cherokee Star Quilts from torn fabric pieces, clay pots, wooden canoes, soapstone carvings and beaded jewelry.