The Algonquin culture was patriarchal, with the sons inheriting hunting rights from their fathers. Most lived south of Hudson Bay, in what is now Canada and the northern part of the United States, where growing food was not always possible. Traveling overland and by canoe, extended families would set up camps at their various hunting and fishing spots. In winter, they used snowshoes and toboggans to get around.
In summer, several family groups banded together for weddings, ceremonies and to gather provisions for the next winter. The women gathered roots, grains and berries, while the men trapped or hunted game. Women processed the food and were responsible for preserving it, usually by smoking or drying. Skins were prepared for use as clothing and to build their wigwams.
The shaman, also known as the medicine man, was a respected figure. He treated the sick using natural materials and by communicating with the spirits. The Algonquin people believed in dream interpretation and often the shaman did the interpreting. They also believed in an afterlife, where people and animal spirits were together. In that afterlife, humans hunted animals just as they did on Earth.
Witchcraft was widely believed in and respected. The Algonquin people didn't usually give out their real names for fear that their enemies would cast evil spells on them. They did, however, befriend the French, who embraced the canoe and the toboggan as better ways of traveling.