Judaism can be traced back to Bronze Age, where it was first discovered in the Middle East. According to the Bible, Abraham was chosen by God in order to lead a special group of people: the Jews.
The 10 Commandments, which can be found in the Bible, were provided to the Jews from Moses as a guide to how they should live their lives. This is considered the base of Judaism, which was further accelerated by the Ark of the Covenant.
The Ark of the Covenant was stored in the Temple that was built by David, Saul, and Solomon, who are considered the first three kings of Judaism. The history of Judaism has been tumultuous at best, with the Temple being destroyed in 600 B.C. and the Judaism Kingdom falling in 920 B.C.