Some examples of Italian symbols are the "emblema della Repubblica Italiana," the emblem of Italy; the three-colored flag of the country; the Stella d'Italia; the national anthem, "Inno di Mameli"; and the Altare della Patria. The Italian city of Venice also has a famous symbol, the winged lion, that is allegedly in honor of St. Mark, the patron saint of the city.
The creator of the "emblema della Repubblica Italiana" in 1948 was professor and artist Paul Paschetto. He was a winner of the contest arranged by the government, but Paschetto's design was then modified by the special commission assigned to oversee the competition. The final design was made official on May 5, 1948, when President Enrico De Nicola presented the country with its national symbol. The emblem has three main elements: the star, the gear wheel and the oak and olive branches. The oak branches symbolize the people's strength and dignity while the olive branches stand for peace. The gear wheel embodies hard work and the star has long been a symbol associated with Italy.
The Italian national anthem is officially called "Il Canto degli Italiani" (Song of the Italians), but it is best known to the Italian people as "Inno di Mameli" (Mameli's Hymn). Goffredo Mameli penned the lyrics in 1847.