The predominant religion in Israel is Judaism, as more than 75 percent of the population identifies as Jewish. Islam is the second most popular religion in the nation, with more than 16 percent of the population identifying as Muslim. Christianity and Druze are the two other prominent religions in the country. Two percent of the country is Christian, and less than two percent identify as Druze.
Israel is the only country in the world where the majority of citizens identify themselves as Jewish. Israeli government officially recognizes five different religions. Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Druze and the Bahai faith. Even though the country was founded on Jewish principles, the citizens of Israel have a lot of religious freedom. Just under 4 percent of the population does not identify with any of the other predominant religions, but those who fall into this category are free to practice their religion in whatever form they choose.
The country of Israel was created in 1948 from a portion of Palestine as a refuge for members of the Jewish faith, to separate themselves from the surrounding Arab nations. Many of Israel's foreign-policy issues stem from religious conflicts with the surrounding Arab nations, as well as internal conflicts between the Muslims and Jews.