Islam was founded in the year 622. This date is when the Prophet Muhammed migrated from Mecca to Medina. The teachings of the prophet Muhammed are the foundation of Islam, as an expression of his surrender to Allah, who is believed to be the creator of the world.
Islam has two major divisions, the Sunni and Shi'a, who believe in different methods of maintaining religious authority. However, the two factions are unified in the Five Pillars of the fundamental practice of Islam. These five pillars include profession of faith, prayer, charity, fasting and a pilgrimage to Mecca. Also, most Muslims believe they must pray to Mecca five times a day.