John Locke is regarded as one of the most fundamental philosophers in the world, being responsible for greatly influencing the ideals behind both the French Enlightenment and the American Revolution, as well as founding the philosophical school of thought called Realism. John Locke was born in 1632, went on to study at Oxford University, where he studied medicine.Continue Reading
As well as being a major driving force behind philosophy, Locke also wrote the often referenced "Two Treatises on Government," which attacked the status quo of power in England. These texts went on to become a fundamental backbone of political thought after the English civil war, before spreading across to Europe and America.
Locke was the first to argue against the God given right of kings, stating that:
Although much of Locke's political thought was a product of the time, many of these values have formed the foundations for modern democracy, morality, and human rights that continue to this day.Learn more about Philosophy
John Locke believed that the purpose of the government was to help all people achieve equal natural rights, and that the government was obliged to protect and defend its citizens. Locke rejected the belief that some people were born to divinely rule over others simply because they belonged to a higher class. Locke firmly believed that even a monarchy should only reign with the consent of the people. His wayward, radical beliefs at the time made him a target for British monarchs that believed average citizens should stay in their place and out of government activities.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that the government existed in order to help protect people and to help society function, while Thomas Hobbes believed that people needed the government to tell them what to do, or otherwise, there would be nothing but fighting among people. Locke supported a representative government such as the English Parliament, while Hobbes supported the absolute power of leaders such as kings.Full Answer >
John Locke believed that social contract occurred when men would transfer some or all of their rights to the government in order to ensure a comfortable living. Locke felt that social contract was part of a man's promise for freedom.Full Answer >
Determining the philosopher you most closely resemble requires examining some of your views about the world and those of some historical philosophers. This can be accomplished by answering some key ethical, metaphysical and epistemological questions.Full Answer >